U.S. Mortgage Rates Edge Higher, Hovering Above 7%: Analyzing Factors and Implications

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In the realm of U.S. mortgage rates, there is a subtle yet significant shift in the wind. Recent data from Freddie Mac reveals that mortgage rates, which have been on a two-week journey of slight declines, have finally inched upward. This marks the fifth consecutive week that these rates have stubbornly remained above the 7% threshold, a trend driven by persistent inflationary pressures. This article delves into the details of this development, shedding light on the factors at play and the potential consequences.

The Numbers Game

In the week ending September 14, the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage registered an average of 7.18%, reflecting a noticeable uptick from the previous week’s 7.12%. This significant year-over-year increase stands in stark contrast to the 6.02% rate recorded just a year ago. Freddie Mac’s Chief Economist, Sam Khater, attributes this surge to the resurgence of inflation and the underlying strength in the nation’s economy.

Mortgage Rate Determinants

A critical element in comprehending this situation is understanding how the average mortgage rate is calculated. Freddie Mac derives this figure from an extensive survey of mortgage applications, drawing data from thousands of lenders across the United States. Notably, the survey focuses on borrowers who meet specific criteria, including a 20% down payment and excellent credit.

Awaiting the Federal Reserve’s Decision

The situation takes on added complexity when we consider the Federal Reserve’s looming rate decision. Over the past month, the rate for a 30-year mortgage has remained steady, as investors hold their breath in anticipation of the Fed’s next move. The Federal Reserve has embarked on a concerted effort to combat inflation, employing a series of bold rate hikes. The latest inflation data is poised to play a pivotal role in the central bank’s forthcoming decision.

Analyzing Inflation Data

Jiayi Xu, an economist at Realtor.com, scrutinizes the inflation landscape. While August’s headline inflation numbers were influenced by surging energy prices, the core Consumer Price Index (CPI), which omits volatile food and energy components, offers a different perspective. It suggests that core inflation is trending down toward pre-pandemic levels. However, the persistently high inflation levels and a gradual deceleration rate hint at the prolonged journey to bring inflation back in line with the Fed’s 2% target.

The Fed’s Perspective on the Situation

The Federal Reserve keeps a watchful eye on the CPI, which surged by 3.7% in August compared to the previous year. Nevertheless, this particular inflation measure is projected to decline in the coming months as housing costs, also referred to as “shelter” in economic data, begin to recede. It’s important to note that there is often a time lag before such changes are reflected in the overall inflation rate.

Housing Market Dynamics

Adding another layer of complexity, housing dynamics reveal a nuanced picture. While the CPI shelter index has exhibited favorable trends, contributing to the reduction in core inflation, there is a contrasting development in the for-sale housing markets. Prices of homes for sale have experienced an upward tick, introducing an element of uncertainty into the equation.


As U.S. mortgage rates continue their dance above the 7% threshold, a confluence of factors, including inflationary pressures and the Federal Reserve’s rate decisions, are shaping the landscape. These developments underscore the intricate interplay of economic forces and market dynamics. Observing the trajectory of mortgage rates in the coming weeks promises to be a captivating journey for both industry experts and potential homebuyers.